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September 2020, Vol 174, No. 9, Pages 815-916

Viewpoint

Cultivating Deliberate Resilience During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):817-818. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1436

This Viewpoint defines resilience and describes its relevance to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, including offering recommendations for pursuing greater resilience.

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and Mental Health for Children and Adolescents

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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):819-820. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1456

This Viewpoint discusses the association of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic with the mental health of US children and adolescents.

Ending the Diagnostic Odyssey—Is Whole-Genome Sequencing the Answer?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):821-822. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1522

This Viewpoint describes the implications of pending legislature authorizing Medicaid payments for whole-genome sequencing.

Providing Contraception for Young People During a Pandemic Is Essential Health Care

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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):823-824. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1884

This Viewpoint describes methods for providing adolescents and young adults with reproductive health care during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Inclusion of Children in Clinical Trials of Treatments for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):825-826. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1888

This Viewpoint discusses the exclusion of children from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) clinical trials and why that could harm treatment options for children.

Editorial

Should Coronavirus Disease 2019–Associated Inflammatory Syndromes in Children Affect Social Reintegration?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):827-828. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2810

Being Mindful About Follow-up Care After Pediatric Hospitalization for Bronchiolitis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):e201945. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1945

Less Radiation but More Overall Advanced Imaging in Children—Good News or Bad News?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):e202222. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2222
Original Investigation

Associations of Maternal Prenatal Drug Abuse With Measures of Newborn Brain Structure, Tissue Organization, and Metabolite Concentrations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):831-842. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1622

This cohort study assesses the association of prenatal maternal drug exposure to marijuana, cocaine, and opioids with organization of the newborn brain and infant neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 12 months.

Incidence of Meningococcal Disease Before and After Implementation of Quadrivalent Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):843-851. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1990

This cohort study examines the association between quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccination and the incidence of meningococcal disease in US adolescents.

Comparison of Number and Geographic Distribution of Pediatric Subspecialists and Patient Proximity to Specialized Care in the US Between 2003 and 2019

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):852-860. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1124

This cross-sectional study uses data from the American Board of Pediatrics to compare the number of pediatric subspecialists, distribution of subspecialties, and patient proximity to subspecialists in the United States between 2003 and 2019.

Association Between Human Papillomavirus Vaccination School-Entry Requirements and Vaccination Initiation

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):861-867. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1852

This cross-sectional study examines initiation of human papillomavirus vaccination in US jurisdictions with vs those without policies requiring vaccination for school entry.

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Characteristics and Outcomes of Children With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Infection Admitted to US and Canadian Pediatric Intensive Care Units

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):868-873. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1948

This cross-sectional study describes and characterizes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection in North American pediatric intensive care units, including mode of presentation, presence of comorbidities, severity of disease, therapeutic interventions, clinical trajectory, and early outcomes.

Guidance for the Conduct and Reporting of Clinical Trials of Breast Milk Substitutes

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):874-881. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.0578

This consensus guidance summarizes best practice for the design, conduct, analysis, and reporting of trials of breast milk substitutes.

Comparison of As-Needed and Scheduled Posthospitalization Follow-up for Children Hospitalized for Bronchiolitis: The Bronchiolitis Follow-up Intervention Trial (BeneFIT) Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):e201937. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1937

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether as-needed posthospitalization follow-up is noninferior to scheduled follow-up for reducing anxiety in parents of children hospitalized for bronchiolitis.

Trends in Use of Advanced Imaging in Pediatric Emergency Departments, 2009-2018

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):e202209. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2209

This cross-sectional study of pediatric emergency department visits evaluates changes over time and hospital variation in advanced imaging use.

Review

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Infection in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):882-889. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1467

This systematic review assesses recently reported pediatric cases of SARS-CoV-2 from China and Singapore to evaluate clinical features, diagnostic tests, current therapeutic management, and prognosis.

Research Letter

Rates of Fertility Preservation Use Among Transgender Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):890-891. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.0264

This cohort study examines medical records of pediatric transgender patients undergoing gender-affirming care to characterize their use of fertility preservation.

The Interwoven Nature of Medical and Social Complexity in US Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):891-893. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.0280

This cross-sectional study uses data from the 2017 National Survey of Children’s Health to assess whether social challenges increase with higher medical condition complexity among US children.

Association of Prenatal Opioid Exposure With Precentral Gyrus Volume in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):893-896. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.0937

This cross-sectional study identifies structural differences of the precentral gyrus among children with reported prenatal opioid exposure compared with children with no reported exposure, controlling for present social factors.

All-Cause Mortality Among Children in the US Foster Care System, 2003-2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):896-898. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.0715

This cross-sectional analysis uses data from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System to investigate mortality rates among children in the US foster care system compared with those of the general population.

Mental Health Status Among Children in Home Confinement During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak in Hubei Province, China

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):898-900. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1619

This cohort study investigates the depression and anxiety of children in Wuhan and Huangshi, Hubei province, China, during the coronavirus disease 2019 lockdown.

Trends in Marijuana Vaping and Edible Consumption From 2015 to 2018 Among Adolescents in the US

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):900-902. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.0175

This survey study investigates trends in noncombustible marijuana use from 2015 to 2018 among US adolescents.

Age-Related Differences in Nasopharyngeal Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Levels in Patients With Mild to Moderate Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):902-903. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3651

This cohort study investigates age-related differences in nasopharyngeal severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) levels in patients with mild to moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Preventive Health Care Utilization Among Youths Who Have Run Away, Experienced Homelessness, or Been Stably Housed

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):903-905. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1858

This study uses the Minnesota School Survey to determine the odds of preventive health care utilization among youths who have run away, experienced homelessness, or been stably housed.

Comment & Response

More Details Needed on Association of Placental Weight With Risk of Neonatal Death

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):905-906. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.0963

More Details Needed on Association of Placental Weight With Risk of Neonatal Death—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):906. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.0975

Toward Inclusion of Youths With Psychiatric Disorders in Brain-Body Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):906-907. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1062

Toward Inclusion of Youths With Psychiatric Disorders in Brain-Body Research—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):907-908. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1069

Pregnancy Stress, Anxiety, and Depression Sequela on Neonatal Brain Development

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):908. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1073

Pregnancy Stress, Anxiety, and Depression Sequela on Neonatal Brain Development—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):908-909. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1079

Percentage of Children Who Developed Type 1 Diabetes After Rotavirus Vaccination

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):909. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1076

The Percentage of Children Who Developed Type 1 Diabetes After Rotavirus Vaccination—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):909-910. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1082

Perspectives on Urinary Tract Infection and Race

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):910-911. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1156

Perspectives on Urinary Tract Infection and Race

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):911. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1159

Perspectives on Urinary Tract Infection and Race

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):911-912. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1165

Perspectives on Urinary Tract Infection and Race

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):912. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1162

Inhaled Isotonic Saline for Bronchiolitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):913. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1343
Correction

Error in Figure 1

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):913. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2729

Error in Abstract

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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):913. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3127
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Opting Out of Vaccines for Your Child

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):916. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2475

This Patient Page discusses why continuing vaccinations for your child is important, even during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

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JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):815. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.3645
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