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January 2021, Vol 175, No. 1, Pages 5-112

Viewpoint

The Golden Half Hour in Chronic Pediatric Pain—Feedback as the First Intervention

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):7-8. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1798

This Viewpoint examines how patient and clinician expectations and biases affect feedback discussions after assessments for pediatric chronic pain.

A Defining Moment for Pediatric Primary Care Telehealth

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):9-10. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1881

This Viewpoint describes why this is a defining moment for a shift to telehealth in pediatric primary care.

Baby and Bathwater—A Telehealth Tale

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):11-12. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2205

This Viewpoint describes a fictional conversation between an older and younger physician regarding pediatric telehealth.

Screening for Psychosocial Functioning as the Eighth Vital Sign

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):13-14. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2005

This Viewpoint discusses screening for psychosocial functioning as an additional vital sign in pediatric well-child visits.

On My Mind

The Miracle Moment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):15. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3592

This article describes the author’s experience of helping a family do everything they could, even administering an unapproved drug, for their teenage daughter.

Editorial

Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Viral Shedding in Pediatric Patients Infected With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2): Under the Surface

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):16-18. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3996

Identifying and Improving the Active Ingredients in Pediatric Complex Care

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):e205042. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5042

The Promise of Lifestyle Interventions in Individuals With Genetically Higher Risk for Obesity

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):e205180. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5180
Original Investigation

Short-term Outcomes of the Study of Refeeding to Optimize Inpatient Gains for Patients With Anorexia Nervosa: A Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):19-27. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3359

This randomized clinical trial compares the short-term efficacy, safety, and cost of lower-calorie vs higher-calorie refeeding for malnourished adolescents and young adults with anorexia nervosa.

Risk of Electrolyte Disorders in Acutely Ill Children Receiving Commercially Available Plasmalike Isotonic Fluids: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):28-35. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3383

This randomized clinical trial uses data from a pediatric emergency department in Finland to evaluate the risk of developing electrolyte disorders in acutely ill children receiving commercially available plasmalike isotonic fluid therapy containing 20 mmol/L of potassium.

Cannula With Long and Narrow Tubing vs Short Binasal Prongs for Noninvasive Ventilation in Preterm Infants: Noninferiority Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):36-43. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3579

This randomized clinical trial compares the ability to prevent intubation in preterm infants by using nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation for the initial treatment of respiratory distress syndrome or postextubation with either a cannula with long and narrow tubing or short binasal prong and mask interfaces.

Assessment of School Anti-Bullying Interventions: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):44-55. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3541

This meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials assesses the effectiveness of school anti-bullying interventions, their population impact, and the association of moderators.

Association of Coming Out as Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual+ and Risk of Cigarette Smoking in a Nationally Representative Sample of Youth and Young Adults

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):56-63. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3565

This cohort study assesses whether young people who change their sexual identity are associated with having higher risk of cigarette smoking initiation and current smoking compared with those with consistent sexual identities.

Assessment of Changes in Alcohol and Marijuana Abstinence, Co-Use, and Use Disorders Among US Young Adults From 2002 to 2018

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):64-72. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3352

This cross-sectional study examines changes over time in the use and disordered use of alcohol and controlled substances in US young adults attending vs not attending college.

Clinical Characteristics and Viral RNA Detection in Children With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in the Republic of Korea

Abstract Full Text
open access has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):73-80. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3988

This case series analyzes the full clinical course of coronavirus disease 2019 and duration of acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 RNA detectability in children with confirmed infection in Korea.

Cost-effectiveness of Sexually Transmitted Infection Screening for Adolescents and Young Adults in the Pediatric Emergency Department

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):81-89. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3571

This economic evaluation reports the prevalence, outcomes, and cost per case detected and successfully treated associated with simulated testing for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in young patients presenting at pediatric emergency departments.

Hospital Consultation From Outpatient Clinicians for Medically Complex Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):e205026. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5026

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of a hospital consultation service for children with medical complexity from their outpatient comprehensive care clinicians.

Obesity Genes and Weight Loss During Lifestyle Intervention in Children With Obesity

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):e205142. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5142

This genetic association study evaluates changes in weight and body mass index associated with single-nucleotide variants in children with overweight and obesity.

Research Letter

Potential Change in Insulin Out-of-Pocket Spending Under Cost-Sharing Caps Among Pediatric Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):90-92. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1065

This cross-sectional study estimates the potential change in insulin out-of-pocket spending among privately insured children and young adults with type 1 diabetes if national caps were implemented.

Prevalence of Spanking in US National Samples of 35-Year-Old Parents From 1993 to 2017

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):92-94. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2197

This survey study examines the prevalence of spanking among US parents aged 35 years with children aged 2 to 12 years from 1993 to 2017.

Pediatric Patient and Caregiver Values in Treatment Decision-making for Uncomplicated Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):94-96. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2289

This cohort study surveys pediatric patients and their caregivers to elicit reasons for their preferences for nonoperative management vs surgery for uncomplicated appendicitis.

Saliency-Driven Visual Search Performance in Toddlers With Low– vs High–Touch Screen Use

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):96-97. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2344

This study compares high– and low–touch screen users on a gaze-contingent visual search paradigm.

Intention to Quit Vaping Among United States Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):97-99. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2348

This study estimates interest in quitting and past e-cigarette quit attempts among US adolescents who vape.

Comment & Response

Increase in Incidence of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Among In-Hospital Birth in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):99-100. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1870

Increase in Incidence of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Among In-Hospital Birth in the United States—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):100. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1873

Role of C-Reactive Protein for Late-Onset Neonatal Sepsis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):100-101. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2126

Role of C-Reactive Protein for Late-Onset Neonatal Sepsis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):101-102. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2129

Treating Migraine in Children and Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):102. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2002

Treating Migraine in Children and Adolescents—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):103. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2011

Maternal High-Dose Vitamin D Supplementation and Offspring Bone Mineralization Until Age 6 Years

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):103-104. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2008

Maternal High-Dose Vitamin D Supplementation and Offspring Bone Mineralization Until Age 6 Years—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):104. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2017

Potentials of Telerehabilitation for Families of Children With Special Health Care Needs During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Emergency

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):105. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2351

Potentials of Telerehabilitation for Families of Children With Special Health Care Needs During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Emergency—Reply

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):105-106. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.2357

Debates Around the Role of School Closures in the Coronavirus 2019 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):106. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3601

Debates Around the Role of School Closures in the Coronavirus 2019 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):106-107. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3604

Debates Around the Role of School Closures in the Coronavirus 2019 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):107. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3549

Debates Around the Role of School Closures in the Coronavirus 2019 Pandemic—Reply

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):107-108. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3552
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

What Parents Need to Know About Leaving the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):112. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5045

This Patient Page discusses how parents can prepare for their infant’s discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit and what they may expect after they leave.

JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(1):5. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.4069
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