[Skip to Navigation]
Sign In
Individual Sign In
Create an Account
Institutional Sign In
OpenAthens Shibboleth
[Skip to Navigation Landing]

January 2021, Vol 156, No. 1, Pages 4-105

Viewpoint

Combating the Peacetime Effect in Military Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):5-6. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1930

This Viewpoint proposes the term peacetime effect to describe the erosion of skills needed by military surgeons during periods of relative peace and discusses partnerships for maintaining the edge in casualty care that may also benefit civilian trauma patients.

Medicaid Expansion and Surgical Care—Evaluating the Evidence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):7-8. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1995

This Viewpoint discusses how expanded Medicare coverage has affected the rate of uninsured individuals, timing of presentation, and access to care among surgical patients.

Going Beyond One Size Fits All in Surgical Bundled Payments

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):9-10. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1948

This Viewpoint highlights 2 ways, based on insights from industries outside health care, to increase participation in and benefits of surgical bundles.

Original Investigation

Tranexamic Acid During Prehospital Transport in Patients at Risk for Hemorrhage After Injury: A Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):11-20. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4350

This randomized clinical trial assesses the effectiveness and safety of tranexamic acid administered before hospitalization compared with placebo in injured patients at risk for hemorrhage.

Patient-Reported Outcomes of Robotic vs Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair With Intraperitoneal Mesh: The PROVE-IT Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz has audio
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):22-29. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4569

This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether robotic approach to ventral hernia repair with intraperitoneal mesh would result in less postoperative pain.

Anterior Approach vs Conventional Hepatectomy for Resection of Colorectal Liver Metastasis: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):31-40. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5050

This randomized clinical trial compares the efficacy and safety of the anterior approach and conventional hepatectomy in patients undergoing resection for colorectal liver metastasis.

Optimizing the Implementation of Surgical Coaching Through Feedback From Practicing Surgeons

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):42-49. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4581

This qualitative study identifies surgeon-derived recommendations for implementation of surgical coaching programs from participants’ exit interviews and ratings of their coaching interactions.

Association of Severe Trauma With Work and Earnings in a National Cohort in Canada

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):51-59. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4599

This matched case-control study of a national Canadian cohort uses tax data to evaluate the association of severe traumatic injury with subsequent employment and earnings in survivors of trauma vs control participants without injuries.

Gender Disparity in Awards in General Surgery Residency Programs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):60-66. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3518

This survey study assesses the presence of gender disparity in award winners in general surgery residency programs.

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Association of Frailty With Morbidity and Mortality in Emergency General Surgery by Procedural Risk Level

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):68-74. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5397

This cross-sectional study determines the association of frailty with morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing emergency general surgery based on the level of procedural risk.

Association Between Patient Activation and Health Care Utilization After Thoracic and Abdominal Surgery

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):e205002. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5002

This cohort study estimates the extent to which patient activation is associated with 30-day postdischarge unplanned health care visits (a composite including emergency department visits, outpatient clinic visits, and/or hospital readmission) after major thoracic or abdominal surgery.

Association of VA Surgeons

Association Between Patient Frailty and Postoperative Mortality Across Multiple Noncardiac Surgical Specialties

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):e205152. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5152

This cohort study examines the association between frailty and mortality in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery.

Invited Commentary

Prehospital Tranexamic Acid: STAAMP of Approval or Return to Sender?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):20-21. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4385

The Robot in General Surgery—Change Is the Only Constant

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):30. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4590

Nonsuperiority of the Anterior Approach to Conventional Hepatectomy for Resection of Colorectal Liver Metastasis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):40-41. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5088

Surgical Coaching—It’s All About the Relationship

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):50. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4587

Female Surgical Trainees and Departmental Awards: Narrowing the Gap

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):66-67. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3532

If the Patient Is Frail, Emergency Abdominal Surgery Is High Risk

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):74-75. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5398

Children Are Not Little Adults When Prescribing Opioids

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):91. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5150

Frailty and Postoperative Morbidity and Mortality—Here, There, and Everywhere

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):e205153. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5153
Review

Guidelines for Opioid Prescribing in Children and Adolescents After Surgery: An Expert Panel Opinion

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):76-90. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5045

This systematic review summarizes a literature review and consensus process among a multidisciplinary team of health care experts and leaders to generate evidence-based opioid prescribing guidelines for children who require surgery.

Surgical Innovation

Transanal Minimally Invasive Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):92-93. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4994

This Surgical Innovation describes the use of transanal minimally invasive surgery, which can locally excise premalignant and select malignant lesions of the rectum with curative intent.

JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Review of the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):94-95. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5019

This article summarizes the newest version of the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Left-Sided Colonic Diverticulitis, which was released in June 2020.

Research Letter

Needlestick and Sharps Injuries Among Resident Physicians

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):96-97. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4112

This cohort study reviews trends in all needlestick and other sharps injuries among resident physicians and other staff at a single health care center over 20 years.

Association of a New Trauma Center With Racial, Ethnic, and Socioeconomic Disparities in Access to Trauma Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):97-99. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4998

This observational study assesses the association of a new trauma center with transport times for trauma patients as a measure of prompt access to care and specifically examines changes in racial, ethnic, and income disparities in transport times.

Comment & Response

Using Data to Achieve Organ Procurement Organization Accountability

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):99-100. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4368

Using Data to Achieve Organ Procurement Organization Accountability—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):100-101. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4391

Whole-Blood Resuscitation of Injured Patients’ Plasma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):101. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4109

Whole-Blood Resuscitation of Injured Patients’ Plasma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):101-102. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4116

Training in Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):102-103. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4365

Training in Surgery—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):103. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4388

Should Epidural Analgesia Be Abandoned for Open Pancreatoduodenectomy?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):103-104. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4382

Should Epidural Analgesia Be Abandoned for Open Pancreatoduodenectomy?—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):104-105. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4394
Correction

Missing Degrees in Byline and Errors in Equation

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):105. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5513

Errors in Figures

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):105. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5809
JAMA Surgery Masthead

JAMA Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. 2021;156(1):4. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4404
×