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Year

Day

January 20, 2021
Original Investigation

Risk of Hematologic Malignant Neoplasms From Abdominopelvic Computed Tomographic Radiation in Patients Who Underwent Appendectomy

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online January 20, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6357

This cohort study assesses the risk of hematologic malignant neoplasms associated with perioperative abdominopelvic computed tomography radiation in patients who underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis.

Evaluation of Patient- and Surgeon-Specific Variations in Patient-Reported Urinary Outcomes 3 Months After Radical Prostatectomy From a Statewide Improvement Collaborative

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 20, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6359

This cohort study describes patient-reported urinary outcomes following radical prostatectomy from a statewide quality improvement program and explores whether surgeon-specific variations in observed outcomes persist after accounting for patient-level factors.

Invited Commentary

Optimizing the Gold Standard—Low-Dose Computed Tomography Modalities as a Part of Clinical Practice in Acute Appendicitis Imaging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 20, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6358

A New Era in Surgical Evaluation—What Is at Stake?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 20, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6360
Special Communication

Sentinel Contributions of US Department of Veterans Affairs Surgeons in Shaping the Face of Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 20, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6372

This Special Communication reviews the surgical accomplishments of the US Department of Veterans Affairs in the past century.

Comment & Response

The Need for an Improved Evidence Base to Inform the Health Care Decision-Making Process

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 20, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6378

The Need for an Improved Evidence Base to Inform the Health Care Decision-Making Process—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 20, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6384
Correction

Error in Text

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online January 20, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6810
January 13, 2021
Viewpoint

Surgery vs Observation for Patients With Small Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 13, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5640

This Viewpoint highlights the issues surrounding management strategies for patients with small, nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.

Original Investigation

Postdischarge Virtual Visits for Low-risk Surgeries: A Randomized Noninferiority Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 13, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6265

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the outcomes of all-cause 30-day hospital encounter proportion among patients who have a postdischarge video-based virtual visit follow-up compared with in-person follow-up.

Surgical Plating vs Closed Reduction for Fractures in the Distal Radius in Older Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 13, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.5672

This randomized clinical trial and parallel observational study assesses whether current surgical treatment for displaced distal radius fractures provided better patient-reported wrist pain and function than nonsurgical treatment in patients 60 years and older.

Racial Disparities in the Use of Surgical Procedures in the US

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 13, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6257

This case-control study examines changes in racial disparity between Black and White patients in the rates of common surgical procedures conducted in the US between 2012 and 2017.

Invited Commentary
JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis

American Society of Clinical Oncology, American Society for Radiation Oncology, and Society of Surgical Oncology Guideline for Management of Hereditary Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 13, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6254

This article reviews the American Society of Clinical Oncology, American Society for Radiation Oncology, and Society of Surgical Oncology’s guideline for management of hereditary breast cancer.

Comment & Response

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 13, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6276

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 13, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6273

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Pancreatic Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 13, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6279
Correction

Errors in Text

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online January 13, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6594
January 6, 2021
Original Investigation

Association of Fluoroquinolone Use With Short-term Risk of Development of Aortic Aneurysm

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 6, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6165

This large cohort study uses data in the MarketScan Commercial Database to assess whether there is an association between fluoroquinolone use and the rate of aortic aneurysm overall, stratified by age, sex, and common comorbidities, in a heterogenous population of US adults.

Patient Factors Associated With Parathyroidectomy in Older Adults With Primary Hyperparathyroidism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 6, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6175

This cohort study identifies patient characteristics associated with use of parathyroidectomy for the management of primary hyperparathyroidism in older adults.

Invited Commentary

Fluoroquinolones and Aortic Disease—Is It Time to Broaden the Warning?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 6, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6185

Undertreatment of Primary Hyperparathyroidism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 6, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6239
Review

Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer Syndrome and the Role of CDH1: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 6, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6155

This narrative review assesses current management guidelines for hereditary diffuse gastric cancer syndrome, their rationale and supporting data, and explores the molecular underpinnings of this hereditary cancer syndrome for which surgery maintains a central role.

Surgical Innovation

Virtual Boot Camps—An Emerging Solution to the Undergraduate Medical Education–Graduate Medical Education Transition

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 6, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6162

This article describes the use of a virtual boot camp to prepare medical students who have newly graduated for surgical residency.

Comment & Response

Preoperative Model and Patient Selection for Neoadjuvant Therapy for Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 6, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6182

Preoperative Model and Patient Selection for Neoadjuvant Therapy for Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online January 6, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6188
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